BOGOTÁ, Colombia — President Iván Duque of Colombia introduced Monday that his governing administration will supply temporary legal position to the a lot more than 1.7 million Venezuelan migrants who have fled to Colombia in recent yrs, a far-achieving move that will make it possible for the migrants to do the job lawfully and create life out of the shadows.

The selection was hailed by the head of the U.N. Refugee Agency, Filippo Grandi, as “historic” and “the most important humanitarian gesture” in the area in many years.

The selection will make it possible for Venezuelan migrants who register with the Colombian governing administration to keep in the nation for 10 a long time.

Extra than fifty percent the 1.7 million Venezuelans in the country do not at present have lawful position. Less than the new evaluate, these who entered Colombia with no authorization right before Jan. 31 are qualified for legalization. And people who by now have legal standing will now be totally free, for at least a decade, from acquiring to reapply for permission to stay.

Venezuela, run by a socialist-impressed federal government for the very last two decades, has been in disaster since 2014, prompting a collapse that economists have called the worst in a long time outside of war. As food items, gasoline and medicine have disappeared, and as the governing administration of President Nicolás Maduro has turning out to be ever more repressive, about 5.4 million folks have left the region, main to a single of the largest migration crises in the globe.

About a third of Venezuelan migrants landed in neighboring Colombia.

In a speech on Monday, Mr. Duque, a conservative whose federal government is carefully aligned with the United States, characterized his selection in both of those humanitarian and sensible phrases.

He urged listeners to have compassion for migrants all over the world. “Migration crises are by definition humanitarian crises,” he claimed.

But he also pressured that the transfer would assist the government in doing its occupation, by helping officials discover individuals in require, and by helping them keep track of down any individual who violates the law.

“We have close to a million migrants who are in our nation whose names we do not know,” Mr. Duque explained, adding: “We never know exactly where they are, how aged they are, what their socioeconomic issue is. And that is a undesirable situation. It’s a terrible circumstance mainly because it does not allow us to have a clear social coverage. It is a negative problem since it does not permit us to have a clear stability coverage.”

The arrival of the just about two million Venezuelan migrants in a nation of 50 million has stretched budgets and angered some Colombians, who perspective the newcomers as competitiveness for work opportunities and other solutions. Mr. Duque’s announcement Monday is probable to exacerbate some of that anger.

In his speech, he reiterated a connect with for much more world wide aid to assist Colombia offer with the humanitarian disaster, which the Brookings Institution has named a single of the most underfunded in present day record.

On Monday, Yohany Gonzalez, 46, a Venezuelan immigrant initially from Caracas, referred to as the new Colombia coverage “the greatest detail that could have happened to me.”

Ms. Gonzalez crossed into Colombia on foot 3 many years back, with two of her small children and a grandchild, and has not been equipped to uncover do the job due to the fact she has no lawful position, she stated. She spends her time in the avenue, making an attempt to promote trash luggage and candies.

“I do not want to proceed in the street, begging,” she claimed. “I want a true position.”

Sofía Villamil contributed reporting.